Manufacturing sector job outsourcing is an issue that has gained overwhelming attention from both the public and private sectors—encompassing businesses, governments, mass media, and academia—throughout the past ten years. Because of differing points of view regarding the impact of offshore job outsourcing among all of these entities, that indeed have a vested interest in the subject, coupled with a lack of statistical data on the subject of outsourcing, this book project was proposed to examine whether there is a relationship between offshore job outsourcing as measured in actions and separations in the nondurable and durable U.S. manufacturing sector, and productivity as measured in output per hour and unit labor costs in 2004 and 2005. The book also examined whether there was a difference in manufacturing sector productivity in 1995 compared with 2005. The book’s population was drawn from U.S. based organizations that are currently involved in offshore job outsourcing, and who provide labor-related data to the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. These data were obtained by direct access to the BLS database, which is available to members of the public for study.