The surge of globalisation and the utmost dedication of Mauritius to be competitive in the global market have brought about the enactment of the Competition Act 2007 which notably marks the establishment of the Competition Commission of Mauritius entrusted with the responsibility of ensuring fair play among industrial participants. Due to the lack of pre-existing academic literature on this subject, this book attempts to provide a notion of competition law enforcement in Mauritius focussing on the role of the Commission and accompanied by a dose of critical appreciation to enable the formulation of relevant solutions to enhance the enforcement process. Issues such as the substantive scope of intervention of the competition authority and the preconditions for effective enforcement are critically assessed in depth. Elements essential in the discharge of the role of the competition authority such as the concept of neutrality, independence and competition advocacy have been put into question. Other main issues brought forth include the powers of the authority in regards to application of competition law and the degree of international cooperation in this area.