In the new millennium the world is undergoing many major transformations which may affect the lives of human beings. Almost daily, newspapers and magazines report about the impact of HIV/AIDS and related problems. The era of liberalization and globalization has been forcing people to confront many challenges. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and behaviour related to HIV and sexuality among the youth in the Pondicherry region. This book which is based on a research study conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and behavior among the youth related to HIV and sexuality. This book will be especially useful to anthropologists, policy makers, research analysts, programme and project implementers, social workers and administrators especially in government and non-governmental organization.