Refugee problems demand durable solutions. For millions of refugees, the ideal durable solution is to return home; home to a familiar language and culture, home to the family residence and personal belongings, home to loved ones and friends. The right to return to ones coutry is clear and unambiguously guaranteed by international law. Voluntary return though considered as the most favoured durable solution, is not a simple mission accomplished at the time at which the refugees re-enter their country of origin.Sustainable reintegration is an even more challenging concept because it goes beyond the initial period of return and implies permanency and stability. The process entails recovery of full rights and access to political, legal and judicial benefits. This book therefore, analyzes the socio-legal challenges relating to the return and reintegration of refugees.Using Rwanda as a case-study, it will specifically attempt to discuss the conditions or factors necessary for a sustainable return and reintegration and how the implementation of Rwanda’s post-genocide socio-legal framework, impacts positively or otherwise the repatriation and reintegration of Rwandan refugees.