Since the 1960s there has been a constant evolution in the common understanding of international disaster management. Despite international efforts aimed at reducing the impact of hazards on humankind, very little progress was made. Disaster losses are on the increase. Unsustainable developmental activities could in most instances be blamed for the high level of disaster risk present in communities. This monograph aims to develop a comprehensive multi-sphere disaster reduction framework that is tailor-made for the strategic management arena in South Africa. The research provides the reader with a background study on the international development of the concept of disaster risk reduction and its components. It focuses on disaster risk management and disaster management within the South African context. International disaster risk reduction frameworks are analytically compared and aligned with international best practices. Subsequently the South African National Disaster Management Policy Framework is analysed and compared to the findings of the international comparison. In conclusion this monograph provides a new disaster risk reduction framework for South Africa.