A history of Bulgaria’s Environmental Movement both illuminates a crucial section of Bulgarian history left in the dark but also offers an enlightening exploration of a social movement over time and through political transition. The work examines which actors have had the greatest positive impact on the reform and improvement of Bulgaria’s environmental condition, legislation and institutions throughout the communist and post- communist eras. The Bulgarian environmental movement first developed in response to the environmental crisis in the town of Ruse in the 1980s and later evolved into Ekoglasnost and the Green Party. Their history, how the communist regime dealt with the environmental organizations, and their actions, achievements and eventual downfall during the democratic transition are all closely scrutinized. The book also focuses on the environmental non- governmental organizations which have a rich and deserving history hitherto left totally unmentioned in works dealing with Bulgaria’s post-communist era. Two other main actors that have influenced Bulgaria’s environmental sector are also examined – domestic politicians and international institutions.