This book provides the reader with a concise history of the evolution of modern local government system from a particularly traditional political setting. It brings to light the chain of local government reforms in the colonial and post-colonial periods and their impact on the structure and functions of local government. The work examines the pre-colonial pattern of administration which was reorganized under British rule. The creation of compact Districts and village units under salaried Districts and Village Heads strengthened colonial control at the local level. The establishment of the N.A Treasury, the N.A. Courts, the N.A. Police and the N.A. Prison and the introduction of colonial taxes facilitated the production of export crops and also played important roles in the control of crime.