The causes of African wars are complex and diverse. Ethnically based inequality is a major casual factor. The failure of independent African leaders to transform repressive colonial structures into democratic institutions and properly address the root causes of conflict have made it more difficult to stop grievances and break the cycle of violence in African communities. This has involved an increasing militarisation of African nations but also more national and international peacekeeping communities than in any other place. Despite the fact that peacekeeping in Africa has been very costly to carry out, that it has not always been effective in protecting human violations and has normally been unable to address and deal with the causes of conflict. Africans still consider peacekeeping alternatives to be the best option to keep the peace. As new wars occur, violence is often used to stop violence. However, this research argues that we cannot achieve peace by violent means but rather through non-violent means. This research proposes a new model of building peace on the continent.