Globalization is posing several challenges to the new product development sector. Design and operation of new product development are of great economic importance. Finite element simulations are often required to reduce the experimental cost and time by reducing number of trials in the new product development cycle. Over the past few years, some significant developmental efforts have been devoted to design, performance and manufacturing modifications and improvements of new products. This scientific book presents a research literature review of the topology optimization. It helps the researchers to clear understand the history of the field.