This is a qualitative analysis of two civics curriculum documents spanning Slovakia’s transition from communism to post-communism. I explore the conceptions of citizenship through public school curriculum documents, and compare notions of (Czecho) Slovakia’s communist citizen in post 1968 with notions of Slovakia’s post-communist citizen after 1993. The documents help reveal their respective regime’s conceptions of citizenship designed to promote and sustain specific societal objectives. I contextualize these documents with the prevalent internal and external forces framing both post 1968 citizenship and post 1993 citizenship. In this way I am able to connect the historical, political and economic factors that defined the state and citizenship with their public school curricula.