Unmet need for Family Planning has become one of the widely discussed reproductive health issues for decades, especially focusing the developing world. This book provides a comprehensive description on prevalence and correlates of unmet need for family planning in Sri Lanka. It also assesses the effect of community based health education intervention in reducing unmet need for modern methods of family planning among ever married sexually active women in the reproductive age (15-49 years). Although Sri Lanka has achieved highest health indicators in relation to maternal and child health in the South East Asian region, the effect of unintended pregnancies has a great impact on further reduction of maternal morbidity and mortality. Hence, identification of the extent and the nature of population at risk of unintended pregnancies and client friendly interventions to reduce unmet need would help policy makers in formulation of preventive strategies. Avoidance of physical, social and psychological ill effects of unsafe abortions by way of reducing unmet need will contribute in achieving maximum maternal well being and fifth Millennium Development Goal of reducing maternal deaths.