This right to free legal aid is guaranteed to everyone including those who cannot afford to cover expenses related to the legal assistance. The problem is more acute for the countries in transition such as Tajikistan where poverty and social exclusion are the most pressing issues.This work evaluates the situation with providing state guaranteed free legal aid in criminal and civil cases in the Republic of Tajikistan. Particular attention is paid to compliance of Tajik national legislation with the international standards in the field of rendering free legal assistance. The publication gives to the reader an opportunity to overview the general situation with rendering FLA in Tajikistan and also to focus on more specific problems of FLA. The author outlines the situation with the Bar, the process of the Bar reforms, legal profession and state expenses for FLA.