The possession of natural resource wealth has often turn out to be a curse rather than a blessing to many countries. The discovery of oil and gas resources in Ghana has brought to the fore debates about how best to manage it to the benefit of the citizens. Transparency and accountability has been identified as key to prudent resource governance not only in the case of Ghana but globally. At the heart of transparency and accountability however is the availability of information to the citizens which can enable them to monitor the behaviour of governments. This research examined how the actual implementation of transparency and accountability initiatives is impacted by people’s access to information. Specifically, it investigated how people access information, their capacities and willingness to process the information in order to hold government to account. The book should be especially useful to Civil Society organizations within the extractive sector, International community and national governments.