There have been many studies and examples in the literature separately demonstrating the benefits of Agile software development and Software Configuration Management process to software development organizations. There is, however, a general misconception that these two practice domains cannot coexist in a single environment without compromising the values of each other, and there is little reporting on such phenomenon and/or how practitioners can benefit from it. The aim of this book is to present the findings of our initial research and to identify Australian Agile Software Development Organizations having such coexistence. This study will use ‘organization size” as a lens to analyse implementation variations of Agile and SCM practices and the perceived importance of SCM process in the agile environment. This research as a whole will support SCM practitioners in particular and IT practitioners in general by providing better understanding of SCM Process in agile environments. It will also contribute knowledge towards theory of lean.