An Electronic Health Record system helps improve medical care and save lives by eliminating medical errors and providing up-to date patient data. However, developing countries are slow in adopting EHR systems despite the huge benefits. Identifying factors affecting the adoption of EHR systems is crucial to manage and overcome the barriers faced in developing countries. This book investigates Factors that are affecting the adoption of EHR systems in medium scale hospitals in Sri Lanka. It further proposes a model for adoption of EHR.