This book is a product of an executive master of science research project in organizational development. It addresses the factors that affect the selection and development of new degree courses and the effect of these programs on the related traditional courses. The book highlights the teaching and learning challenges faced by lecturers and students in higher learning institutions in Africa and the quality and relevance challenges of the courses. The book has a wide range of recommendations which could ensure that the real and not the perceived needs of the students and the market are addressed.It also gives useful insights on threshold differences among programs that could be used as a basis of assigning different names to related courses. The tools used in the book are a very useful guide in situational analysis and policy formulations for higher learning institutions.