Coastal areas of Bangladesh are full of vulnerabilities as well as opportunities. Vulnerabilities are in the view of natural calamities and disasters occurred in these regions. On the other hand opportunities are considered in the view point of natural resources. Management of coastal areas are not easy at all. Various criterions and conditions are related in this case.To conduct and fulfillment the objectives of this dissertation first an overall description and analysis of coastal afforestation have been discussed. Afforestation project taken in different time frame and the success or failure with critical evaluation of them have been described. Next sequence is about the Patuakhali district and its potentialities and limitations of afforestation have been evaluated. Afforestation project and present scenario with possibilities of management of the district is discussed. Final sequence is about the Kalapara which is the study area. People's opinion is considered with great concern in the study area. Finally, considering the overall and specific problems of coastal area and the study are some recommendations have been proposed with a plantation map.