The end of the Cold War not only has resulted in many non-traditional security issues becoming a focus in international relations, but it also set the stage for a comprehensive re-evaluation of the whole concept of security. Afghan Drug trafficking dilemma in Central Asia is very vulnerable issues as a Non-traditional security of the region. This book explores impact of drug trafficking and organized crime on state functioning and threat to human security. Central Asia has emerged as a crucial arena of international security, with an enhanced strategic importance that has replaces the region’s geographic isolation and geopolitical marginalization. Drug threats to Central Asia have changed in form and structure and most visibly geographically, from being primarily a dilemma from Golden Crescent, with imports from Afghanistan to more multifaceted threat. The origin of the world’s largest exporter of opium and heroin are today Eurasia, more specifically, Afghanistan, while other products are domestic in origin. This book traces the change in the threat posed by drug production and trafficking in Central Asia, over time and across the major parts of this region.