This book has been developed from the authors research work. The Analysis in this book is predicated on the need to address the challenges of peacekeeping in a way that contributes to the goal of developing indigenous solutions to the security problems in Africa. It focuses on African security regimes and the peace process in Darfur. The objective is to show the extent to which the African Union (AU) mission in Darfur was able to meet its mandate and deal with the problems it encountered in the operational environment. It identifies some of the factors that sustain the conflict in Darfur. It explores the factors that made the AU peacekeeping mission in Darfur inappropriate for the task and gives reasons why a more effective mission, in terms of peace enforcement, was needed to bring sustainable peace to the region. The book is innovative, unique and compact. It is a must have for students and scholars of Political Science, International Relations, Peace and Conflict Studies, and African Politics.