More than ever before in human history, the way in which land is being used and managed has become a source of widespread concern.Nigeria?s food problem shows both in quantity and quality. The understanding of the quality use and management interaction of land in crop production is therefore key indications of the sustainability of the resource. A good management objective that is hinged on proper knowledge and the right attitude is a sine qua non to sustainable land use. Land use and management practices affect the fertility of the soil to the extent that the clamor for conservation farming system and management has been a re-awakening issue among researchers and policy makers. Land use and management practices affect human health directly and indirectly. It affects fauna and flora, contributes to local, regional, and global climate changes and is the primary source of soil, water and land degradation. Study on the use and management of an economically valuable but exhaustible resource like land has policy relevance in agricultural development.