Revision with unchanged content. In this book, the author analyzes to what extent EU and US agricultural policies are driven by comparable overall concepts and whether there is evidence that the two major agricultural trading blocks are moving towards more similarities and a more sustainable form of agriculture. Based on the perception of desirable policy models, expressed by major think tanks and advisory groups, criteria for comparison are elaborated. After an analysis of corresponding regulations already in force, conclusions on identifiable common trends and remaining 'question marks' are drawn. The analysis is structured by applying an evaluation grid based on four major policy areas concerning economic, social, ecologic and institutional objectives. In light of future challenges, proposals for reform are developed. The outcome is an assortment of recommendations addressing a choice of the most important problems in the field of agricultural policy. Although none of the proposals will lead to the perfect solution, they altogether stand for considerable melioration and a forward-looking approach. Decision-makers, opinion leaders and scientists may find new and interesting insights presented in this publication.