The scheduled tribe groups in India are identified as primitive races and we find the stages of food gathering, hunting and fishing, farming, etc. among the Indian tribes. Major part of the tribal population is illiterate and cut off from the civilized world, they generally carry out production without adequate technological aids with the result that there is much loss of material with very little production. Their methods and implements of cultivation, hunting and fishing are very primitive. They do not know anything about trade and commerce. Hence the economic status of Indian tribes is very much backward. In this book an attempt has been made to know the agriculture and horticulture practices of select PTGs of Visakhapatnam and Srikakulam with the help of economic indicators like extent of cropping pattern, fallow land, intensity of cropping, crop yields, gross value of agricultural productivity and shifting of cultivation. This book is more useful for all kind of persons in the society to understand agriculture and horticulture practices of primitive tribal groups.