This book assesses the design, formulation, and implementation of Ghana''s Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy II (GPRS II) and its effects on rural agricultural livelihoods development. The study reviews major literature on the role of agriculture in sustainable rural development. It offers critical perspectives on realising the potential multiplier effects of sustainable agriculture in sustainable rural development promotion in developing countries, especially those in Africa. The book offers perhaps the most comprehensive documentation of a micro-level analysis of the GPRS II on agricultural productivity and enhancing smallholder farmers'' livelihoods to create more private sector employment and reduce poverty. This book also has a wide applicability import, seen in its innovative and multidimensional methodology for livelihoods resilience assessment, which could be applied in analysing poverty reduction interventions elsewhere in the world. The analysis should be particularly useful to professionals and students of development planning and management, especially those interested in sustainable agricultural and other rural livelihood development issues.