A one stops comprehensive textbook covering all the essential components of orientation method and their application on vegetation data. Most of problems encountered in vegetation ecology and application of multivariate analysis are taken into account. Ordination analysis can provide insight into the structure of biological communities and into the impact of natural and human induced environment distances on biological assemblage. Moving away from classic vegetation analysis recent orientation techniques were employed for validation of results. This book is recommended for undergraduate and postgraduate courses specializing in orientation and multivariate analysis.