The world is faced with daunting issues such as the energy crisis dating back to the Arab Oil Embargo of the 1970?s, the aftermath of the Arab?Israeli war and current problems of global warming which resulted from extensive use of fossil fuels such as oil, gas, coal, et cetera. The greatest consumer of energy and a major contributor to the greenhouse effect is the building industry. Sustainable development in architecture as it relates to Nigeria is thus concerned with issues of energy conservation (water utilisation, indoor climate and use of materials). In architectural education worldwide there is a shift of purpose towards training students in handling issues of energy conservation. The developed world in particular and other countries including Nigeria are pioneering efforts especially through education by reassessing their priorities and shifting emphasis to matters of sustainability.