Creating a safe and a healthy environment for the world children is the responsibility of the all nations. Yet millions of children around the world remain victims of poverty, illness, exploitative and forced labour. Poverty and the exploitation of the poor act as the central cause of child labour. Moving from this ground, this study focuses on the example of one country, which is Turkey, and tries to show and investigate the situation of child labour under the light of Dependency and World Systems theories. The book employs both qualitative and quantitative research strategies and a case study research design.