The Indian Constitution envisages a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India for all its citizens. However as far as the personal laws are concerned they are governed by the religious community to which the persons belongs, the same applies to adoptions also. Thereby it is available to the majority community in India that is Hindus only. The book makes a humble attempt to analyze and explain the origin and philosophy of adoption and the changing trends from adoption being parent based to now being child based and ensuring that there is justice to the child which should be of paramount consideration. The author in a simple and lucid style covers the intricacies of adoption legislation available for the majority communities i.e Hindus which encompass within itself the Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains as per the Hindu Law under the ancient Law and the Modern Hindu Law. The book also covers the adoption laws of all the minority communities in India like the Muslims, Christians Parsies and Jews and expounds the factors and reasons for the lack of legislations for these minority communities. The book is extremely useful not only for students but professionals also.