Poverty, inequality and vulnerability are serious problems affecting every economy globally. This is why several research works are being carried out at different levels. Albeit, social variables have been little used to provide insights on poverty, against this background, therefore, this book assessed poverty using social indicators in rural communities. Furthermore, in order to intervene in the cycle of poverty in which hundreds of millions of people around the world are trapped; an understanding of its nature and determinants is central. These issues are all relevant to the Millennium Development Goals.