The literature on social policies in the Third World, of which Uganda forms part, has criticized social work services as being poorly administered, badly funded and characterized by an excessive reliance on inappropriate remedial services. Uganda, faced with the growing number of AIDS orphans and the poor state in which the child care institutions are; needs a change in approach. Using majorly secondary sources; the book critiques earlier approached to development in general and community development in particular. A Community- Based Model is suggested with the objectives of: fostering community participation, organizational development, concrete benefits, social learning and strenthening of a sense of community. The process of organizing is suggested and it includes:pre-entry, contact/entry, community analysis, popular action and evaluation. Such a process will foster participation in projects, which can lead to community empowerment in all aspects community life. a change in training of community workers, including political and social ideals is recommended.