Consequences of modern human activities have led to the process of integration of archaeology into urban planning. This thesis examines the interrelationship of archaeology and planning. In the thesis, legal framework of conservation and archaeological investigation formed through many experiences within the international platforms was drawn in relation to the concept of urban development. The situation of archaeology in Turkey from its archaeological potentials to the laws procedures, institutions and problems was taken up. The need of community based approaches is underlined in order to achieve the requirements of conservation and development. The dilemmas of conservation and development studied through the examinations of Geyre and Aphrodisias. These areas, which are in negative interrelationship as a town in need of development and an archaeological asset that should be conserved, were the subjects of the research. The necessity of community planning was stated to provide consensus between conservation and development.