The purpose of this book is to review the causes of the decline of Iranian contemporary art education. Academic art education problems identify and effective solutions to improve the quality of art education in Iran. Art education in Iran has faced difficulties during the past two decades. Although in this book authors try to find relationship between Iranian familiarities with the West and establishing art schools with the references to the role of court in Qajar and Pahlavi era, which interested the Western art and sent artists to West to learn new perspective of art. Moreover the aim of this study is review Iran's higher art education system, and how the lack of quality and effective management has influenced it. It faces plenty challenges and crises, and needs reform and transformation. Although authors review the different dimensions of Master-Apprentice education system and its transformation into an academic system. Training was based more on genuine moral and spiritual principles. In conclusion, modifying deficiencies and upgrading the system of art education can help Iran to find its position in art.