The book ASPECTS OF INDIAN HISTORY- Some New Thoughts deals with the different cultural trends and traditions prevailing in the society. Our objective is to present a comprehensive cultural picture of India in its varied dimensions and perspectives. We have collected the articles comprising the field of ecological and environmental studies, archaeology, economic history, architectural Survey, Colonial India, Bhakti movement, Sikhism, and from the Arabic and Persian inscriptions also. The article related to ecological study of Kashmir and environmental studies of Brij region are worth reading. The other articles related to economic history –The Merchant- Mughal Nexus in 16TH-17TH century Gujarat and on political history – Ambedkar’s Position & Role in Indian Political Parties deserve the attention. The article related to The Evil Practices under the Mughals is very interesting. The material and spiritual aspects of a culture are represented in the form of Sufism. We have also discussed the role of Indian Women in Indian politics. This book makes an attempt to highlight not only the trends but the other aspects of the Indian society also.