This book is a minor project undertaken for the partial fulfillment for the degree of Master of Arts in Sociology in the Department of Sociology,Tezpur Uiversity under supervision of Prof. Chandan Kr. Sharma. The social significance of Assam-Nagaland Border Conflict and its impact on the foothills is undeniably of extreme relevance so far as myriads of problem that have been plaguing the region in recent times is concerned. Of late the issue has drawn the attention of a large section of the intelligentsia in the country. The book tries to analyze the perpetual crisis in the region since India gained independence in 1947. It also throws light on post-colonial Indian state approach to the region, internal displacement, social exclusions, identity politics, etc. While addressing the problem of foothills the book tries to say that it is essential to sort out the border issue in a sustainable and mutually acceptable manner. In doing so the stakeholders should opt for a historically informed people centric approach. The book includes a large body of original data, documentation and field works with major players and stake holders.