Tea is one of the important perennial commercial crops. As a popular drink for people around the world, tea demand has been increasing over the years. The increased demand for tea has to be met by increased production. Since the increased production is not possible by continuous area expansion under cultivation, the increased output must come from the productivity expansion per unit of land. Productivity expansion is possible by first identifying several problems hindering it and then framing suitable policy decisions to remove all those problems, specially in major tea growing regions. The book mainly examines various problems and factors behind low level of tea productivity per unit of land in Assam, the major tea producing region in India. Assam produces more than 50 percent of India''s tea output by occupying more than 50 percent of the country''s tea area. This position has been retained over the last two centuries. Assam also contributes about 16 percent of world tea output. This book will be useful for students and researchers of agricultural economics, social scientists, practitioners and policy makers.