This book is a result of research work on Reduced Emissions from Degradation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) projects. REDD+ is an incentive scheme piloted in Tanzania to forest communities in order to maintain the forests intact as Carbon sink. However the piloting resulted into backlash within the community with little results in return with mixed reactions. The book provides a snap shot of the projects in Tanzania specifically around Dar es Salaam based Pugu and Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserve (PKFR’s) where it was implemented. Projects of this kind were also undertaken in Asia, Latin America and other countries in Africa as brainchild of developed countries through UN bodies like UNDP, UNFCCC and UNEP and other international NGOs. In Tanzania Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Royal Norwegian Government financed this initiative.This book is useful for donor community, environmentalists, and recipients of development projects as well as NGO’s working in various programmes. It's a useful literature based on field experiences on the ground. It can inform those seeking to engage in projects management, environmental social, economic and political and situation form local-international level.