The main purpose of this study was to contribute to a better understanding of how crop cultivation is affecting the values, services, functions and goods provided by Nakivubo wetland to the immediate communities. It was undertaken to find out whether this vital resource in an urban setting is only endangered by crop growing. Hence the concern to identifying the underlying factors to continued un-wise use of the resource. The study followed a qualitative research design and the population of interest were the farmers cultivating in this wetland and other persons undertaking other livelihoods and various activities. Further still, the study indicates that if the encroachers are not provided with alternative livelihood sources and land for development initiatives particularly housing, creation of a well defined and coordinated management technique amongst the concerned stakeholders, there is expected continued encroachment.