Water is one of the essential inputs for sustenance of all living being. The need of water for various purposes is increasing at a fast rate due to the continual increase in population, rapid urbanization with change in life style and growing industrialization. Water quality plays an important role in groundwater protection and quality conservation. Hence it is very important to assess the water quality not only for its present use but also from the viewpoint of a potential source of water for future consumption. There is growing concern on deterioration of water quality due to geogenic and anthropogenic activities. The quality of water is identified in terms of its physical, chemical and biological parameters. Polluted surface waters cannot achieve a balanced ecosystem. A balanced ecosystem is one in which living things and the environment interacts beneficially with one another. Water quality obviously plays a critical role in this relationship, as it is key to the maintenance of a well-balanced environment.