In Pakistan, prevalence of iron deficiency anemia is about 65%. Iron deficiency anemia is not a simple clinical problem as it plays a critical role in initiation of febrile seizures. It is more frequently observed among those children presenting with febrile seizures (70%) as compared to children presenting with fever with no febrile seizures (30%). There is considerable evidence that iron is important for neurological functions and brain energy metabolism and affect several other organs and systems of the body. Febrile seizures are very common in children. The occurrence of febrile seizures can potentially compromise the quality of life and is a source of great anxiety for parents.