College Athletics is a big business, in which billions of dollars are spent to pay coaches and educate student-athletes to obtain a degree of higher education. There are hundreds of athletic programs that participate at the division one level within the NCAA, but all do not have the same allocation of resources. One small, but elite group of schools, known as Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) have played within the NCAA structure for over 100 years and their ability to remain relevant is at a crossroads. This book looks into the challenges of HBCU’s and their ability to survive in the new landscape of College Athletics. This analysis should assist in the understanding of the intricate network involving HBCU athletic programs from the opinions of the Athletic Directors of the various Colleges. In addition, this analysis will assist in the understanding of HBCU’s compared to the other division one athletic programs; understanding of those issues facing the programs, and solutions to those problems.