Different approaches have been discussed in order to find a solution to Kurdish question in Turkey. Autonomy is one of the popular examples of them in question. In particular, the Basque Autonomy in Spain is shown as an example to implement such a model in Turkey. Despite the proposed Basque model, it is quite difficult to find relevant scientific studies that compare the Kurdish question with Basque cases under the theory of autonomy. The scope of this book is to compare the Basque Autonomous Region in Spain with the Kurdish case in Turkey within the theory of autonomy. In this perspective, it is aimed to analyse whether the Basque Autonomous model can be implemented for the solution of the Kurdish question in Turkey. Therefore, this book tries to fill the gap for researchers, academicians and the people interested in the subject.