Out of the sugar cane by-products in Iran, bagasse has been of particular interest, because of its application for the production of the heat and power required to run the sugar factory. The sugar industry requires both heat and power, so CHP is a good energy generation technology for these industries. The most important energy conversion technologies, which are usable in CHP and appropriate for bagasse, are anaerobic digestion, gasification, pyrolysis, and direct combustion, so that, determining the most suitable technologies for Iran with regard to existence experience and facilities can increase the efficiency of energy production from bagasse. This book, therefore, provides a clear comparison and analysis of different bagasse energy conversion technologies for choosing the suitable technology which can be jointed with CHP and consider the economic and environmental merits of an exemplar CHP. The importance of this study is to show that bagasse, as a part of a huge source of biomass, can serve as a good model for the implementation of similar projects in industrial, residential and commercial areas and even remote areas with no access to fossil sources.