Basics of Biotechnology is a concise yet comprehensive biotechnology book for learners. All the important areas in biotechnology are covered in a format that is ideal for learning and understanding. The book is an update of the basic technologies and advancements developed in biotechnology. It has been brought about as an introductory text covering the different aspects of biotechnology including plant tissue culture, vectors, enzymes, genetic engineering, PCR, cloning, gene mapping and chromosome walking. Biotechnology is now the major component of life sciences. Advances made in genetic engineering and molecular biology can be made manifest in living organisms through the application of various techniques developed in the field of biotechnology. Several exciting developments have taken place and continue as such with the advancement in the modern techniques. This rapid advancement has added an increasing body of information to the biotech and the subject matter has become more voluminous. It has now become a multidisciplinary subject in which concepts, ideas and methodologies have been contributed by a number of other disciplines.