Honeybees are notably the most important insect species playing role on plant pollination and producing the hive products. Bee populations are declining because of the ecological and managerial problems. These problems and challenges are threatening the bee industries there by bio diversity, crop productivity and the production of the quality hive products. This book, therefore, provides information on the behavior of native wild and domesticated honeybees and the exotic honeybee adopted. This book also digs out the need of conservation of the wild honeybees, in its indigenous habitat, opportunity of beekeeping, associated problems and challenges and needed conservation activities or improved management practices. This information should be especially useful to professionals who are working in the field of beekeeping, crop pollination, biodiversity conservation, value addition and marketing of the hive products and on the related fields.