Gynecological Specimens forms the substantial proportion of workload in histopathological departments of most of the laboratories. Carcinoma of the cervix is the most common cancer in Indian women and accounts for about 20% of all malignant tumors in the females, therefore it is necessary to diagnose and treat these lesions at the earliest in order to save the people from this dreadful malignancy. Worldwide, invasive cervical cancer is the second most common female malignancy after breast cancer. Histopathological examination of biopsies from cervical lesions and hysterectomy specimens is the gold standard in their diagnosis. The facts in this book are based upon a study conducted at the Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute and Hospital, Pondicherry India, a rural tertiary care hospital with an annual vol¬ume of above 1, 00,000 patients. This study comprised of more than 100 Patients of benign and malignant lesions of the cervix (cervical biopsies/ hysterectomy specimens) over a period of two years from May 2010 to May 2012 in the Department of Pathology.