Biological control of the insect pests has long been acknowledged as an important pest management component and recognized as well adequate in many cases to abolish the requirement of additional treatment. The biocontrol agents have been productively manipulated with diversity of augmentation and conservation. Production of natural enemies in an efficient and economical way is a pre-requisite for biological control programme. Substantial scientific advances have been made in mass rearing of natural enemies for augmentative population. Nuclear techniques have been used extensively in various biological control programmes. Irradiation plays significant role in the production of natural enemies. It has been reported that the parasitization was increased in the progeny of irradiated hosts. The purpose of this research was to explore the possibilities of managing sugarcane stem borer, C. infuscatellus through biological control strategies and nuclear techniques to enhance the production and field application of its natural enemies.