Banana (Musa spp.) is one of the most important fruit crops in the world.This gross feeder crop requires large amounts of chemical fertilizer for commercial cultivation. However, use of chemical fertilizers is not only costly even undesirable for environmental hazard. In contrast, biofertilizer, microbial inoculants are popularly used and widely accepted alternative to chemical fertilizers for plant growth and productivity. Additionally, use of eco-friendly biofertilizers ensures sustainable banana production. The book includes the isolation, identification and the mode of beneficial effects of microbial inocula on different crop plants especially the bananas. Commercial production and application techniques of biofertilizer for high yielding and quality banana cultivation are described in the book comprehensively. In a nutshell, this is a valuable book which will be useful to the students, researchers and academicians. More importantly banana farmers will be benefited with the use of this book.