Ecology is the science that studies relationships between living organisms and the environment they live in. Various habitats are studied and investigated to understand the composition and such interrelationship amongst these components. Such studies help us to understand as how to maintain high quality of water and environmentally viable water resources. The present work is an effort to contribute towards limnological and biological aspects of pond ecology. The text includes various facets and dimensions of physico-chemical factors, planktons, micro-invertebrates and other related areas. The text is supported by field data, their statistical analysis, graphs and exhaustive bibliography.