A central problem in ecology is to identify and understand patterns in the distribution and abundance of species. Widespread species are generally locally abundant, and have populations that fluctuate than scarce, geographically restricted species. This book represents the work that has immense application in biosystematics and will greatly helpful in offering economic solution for grasshopper ecology and identification. In this book, the research work involving the survey the acridoidea fauna in agro-ecosystems, quantify the diversity and abundance of the grasshopper population, bionomics of the surface grasshopper (Chrotogonus trachypterus) and kharif grasshopper (Hieroglyphus nigrorepletus) and the effect of food plants on the growth and development of grasshoppers. The information contained in this book can be exploited by taxonomy and ecology scientist for survey, identification and bionomics of grasshoppers. We hope, this book will helpful as a base for future ecology and identification of grasshoppers.