The book covers the entire field of Biotechnological potentials and successes in one volume.In the present treatise an attempt has been made to compile the various aspects of biotechnological techniques from the viewpoint of a novice in the field as a reader or those who do not have formal education in the field of biotechnology. The most spectacular examples of successes already accrued or at the verge of accrual have in general been reffered. The book has been organizes into six chapters in which the potentials and most important examples of successes has been described in general. The chapters consisted of (1) Crop husbandry: agricultural plants/crops. (2) Microbial and industrial products. (3) Pharmaceutical and healthcare. (4) Animal husbandry: farm/model animals. (5) Management of the environment and (6) some aspects of Nano-biotechnology. We are of the opinion that a common man or a general learner in the society will be having an inkling of the potentials or successes that can be made in this field. Apart from this, graduate, postgraduate and shcool children of various hues in the society will also find it interesting and refreshing.