The race of Jesus of Nazareth has been the subject of much questioning by those who are thoughtful about race. Though Jesus' origins are known well, his race has been a topic of great debate. This volume explores those movements that, in the twentieth century, proposed that Jesus was a black man, as "black man" is understood in the Western world. Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association, The Nation of Islam, and the Rastafari Movement all claimed that Jesus was a black man. Was this purely a theological interpretation of Jesus' race, based on biblical study, or was there a deeper meaning behind this claim? Were there social and political implications tied to these movements' belief in a black Christ figure? The social, political, and religious aspects of these movements' use of a black Jesus are discussed and explored in this volume.